狄更斯简介(狄更斯简介200字)

今天悠久博客给大家分享一下关于狄更斯简介与狄更斯简介200字相关问题,具体如下。

本文目录一览:

狄更斯的生平简介是什么?

查理斯·狄更斯,1812年2月7日出生在英国南部次茅斯的波特西地区一个贫寒的小职员家庭里。他是英国19世纪伟大的批判现实主义小说家。狄更斯一生不知疲倦地写作,严重损害了健康,1870年6月9日,这位英国文坛上的“天之骄子”瘁然逝世,引起了全英国人民的哀悼。他的遗骨被安葬在威斯敏斯特的“诗人之角”。

查尔斯狄更斯英文简介

查尔斯狄更斯,英国作家。他的作品对英国文学发展起到了深远的影响。下面是我给大家整理的查尔斯狄更斯英文简介,供大家参阅!

查尔斯狄更斯简介

Charles Dickens, full name Charles John Heifam Dickens (English name: Charles John Huffam Dickens, February 7, 1812 - June 9, 1870), British writer. The main works are "David Copperfield" "Pickwick rumor" "fog are orphans" "old antique shop" "hard times" "our common friend" "Tale of Two Cities" and so on.

Dickens was born on February 7, 1812 in the suburbs of Portsmouth, was born in the Navy staff family, juvenile family life because of distress, only intermittent school. After being forced to work in the factory to do child labor. After 15 years old, became a law firm apprentice, record and court scorer. 20 years old when the newspaper interviewer, reported the House of Commons. In 1837 he completed the first novel "Pickwick rumor", is the first realist novel creation, and later creative talent to mature, has published "fog orphans" (1838), "old antique shop" (1850), "The Times of Hardness" (1854), "Tale of Two Cities" (1859) "Great Expectations" (1861), 1870 June 9 died in Rochester near the Gates Villa.

Dickens especially paid attention to describing the life of the "little people" living in the bottom of the British society, and profoundly reflected the complex social reality of Britain at that time, and made outstanding contributions to the development and development of British critical realist literature. His works have had a profound impact on the development of English literature.

查尔斯狄更斯人物经历

On February 7, 1812, Charles Dickens was born in Portsmouth. Father John Dickens is the British Navy Quartermaster staff, mother named Elizabeth Barrow. Charles is the eldest son, sister Fanny Dickens is two years older than him. In December 1813, the family moved to Shaoxi.

In 1821, Charles Dickens went to William Giles to do the school to study, writing the tragedy "Indian monarch Misner".

On February 20, 1824, John Dickens was arrested on charges of debt, in the Marshall West debtor prison. A few weeks later his wife Elizabeth and young children also moved into them. Previously, Charles Dickens was on February 9 into the Warren black shoe oil workshop as a child worker, so there is no family with the prison, alone in a friend home to spend the night. On May 28, John Dickens was released and the whole family lived in Johnson Street in Sommers Town. Then Charles Dickens left the workshop.

In 1825, Charles Dickens entered the Wellington House School. In 1826, John Dickens was sent by the British news agency to the parliament as an interviewer. The family was expelled for rent. Charles Dickens was forced to drop out of school, successively in the Ellis and Blackman law firm and Charles Molloy law firm as apprentice.

In 1829, Charles Dickens Society shorthand, into the London Civil Lawyers Court, as the trial stenographer. In May 1830, he fell in love with the banker's daughter Maria Bieder Nair.

In 1831, Charles Dickens served as a journalist of the Parliament Mirror, edited by his uncle, J. M. Barrow. In 1832, Charles Dickens served as a reporter for the "true" newspaper. His work was quite successful at the same time, and his dramatic genius was discovered by the Covington Court, the theater intends to hire him, and has informed him to audition, but a disease to prevent him as an actor's future.

In 1833, Charles Dickens and his brothers and sisters lived in Bundink Street, where he often held amateur theater performances at home. He pleaded with Maria Biederner and was rejected. Creation of the first short story "Mr. Mins and his cousin" (post-income "Bozite set") to send "monthly magazine", immediately adopted, was greatly encouraged.

In 1834, Charles Dickens served as a journalist. In August, he met the "Chronicle" editor George Hogarth daughter Catherine Hogarth. His short stories, close-up and essays on the "Boz" pen name, one after another in the "magazine", "Bell Weekly" and "Morning News" published. He began to live independently at the Fernivals hotel.

In 1835, Charles Dickens was engaged with Catherine Hoghes. His stories, close-ups and essays continue to be published in the Monthly Magazine, The Chronicle, and Bell's Life in London.

1836, February 8, "Bozite set" first series published. March 31, the first novel "Pickwick rumor" by Chapman and Hall Press began monthly by section published (20 months out). On April 2, Charles Dickens married Catherine Hoggas at St. Louis' s church in Chelsea and immediately went to Kent honeymoon. 9 - 12 months, the drama "strange gentleman" and "Qiao village" in the St. James Theater staged. In December, he became acquainted with John Foster, who became his lifelong friend and biographer (three volumes of The Dickens Biography) published in 1872-1874). December 17, "Bozite set" second series published.

January 1, 1837, Charles Dickens editor of the monthly magazine "Bentley magazine" first issue. The second issue of the journal serialized his "Oliver Te West" (24 months finished). On January 6th, Charles Dickens's first child (Charles) was born. March, the play "Is she his wife?" Staged at the St. James Theater. In July, the first visit to Europe. November 17, "Pickwick rumor" single book published.

1838 January and February, accompanied by H. K. Brown interviewed Yorkshire school. The second child (Mary) was born. On March 31, we began to publish "Nicholas Nickel Bay" (20 months out). November 9, "Oliver Te West" (fog orphans) published a single book.

January 31, 1839, resigned from the "Bentley magazine" editor in chief. The third child (Kate) was born. On October 23rd, "Nicholas Nickel" was published separately.

April 4, 1840, editor of the literary weekly "Humphrey master of the bell" first issue. April 25, "old antique shop" in the weekly sub-series (40 weeks finished). In October, "Humphrey Master's Bell" was published in the first volume.

In 1841, the fourth child (Walter) was born. February 13, "Barnaby Rach" in the "Humphrey Master's Bell" weekly on the serial (42 weeks finished). April, December, "Humphrey master of the bell" single book second volume, third volume published. December 5, "old antique shop", "Barnaby Rach" single book published.

From January to June 1842, his wife visited the United States. 10 - 11 months, accompanied by Foster and other visits to Cornwall. October 19, "travel beauty notes" published. On December 31, Martin Jussewell Witt began to be published monthly by Chapman and Hall Publishing (20 months out).

October 5, 1843, hosted the opening ceremony of the Manchester Literary Association. December 19, "Christmas carol" (post-income "Christmas story set") published.

In 1844, the fifth child (Francis) was born. With Chapman and Hall Press, the book was revised by Bradbury and Evans Press. In July, "Martin Jussewell Witt" published a single book. July 16, to live in Genoa, Italy. November 30 to December 8, back to London to read the "church bells" to friends. December 16, "Church Bell" (post-income "Christmas Stories") published.

In 1845, his wife visited Naples. In September, amateur performance Ben Jiong's drama "Everyone is happy". The sixth child (Alfred) was born. December 20, "Fireside Cricket" (post-income "Christmas Stories") published.

January 21, 1846 to February 9, editor of "Daily News". May 18, "Italian style" published. June 11 to November 16, to live in Lausanne, Switzerland, after going to Paris. September 30, "Dong Bei father and son" began month by month published (20 months out). December 19 "Battle of Life" (post-income "Christmas Stories") published.

February 28, 1847, returned from Paris to London. The seventh child (Sidney) was born.

In April 1848, "Dong Bei father and son" published a single book. May-July, amateur directors and performances in London and outside. December 19, "the devil man" (after the income "Christmas story set") published.

In 1849, the eighth child (Henry) was born. On April 30, "David Copperfield" began to be published month by month (20 months out).

The ninth child (Dora) was born in 1850. And Bewei Li Dayton to create a literary association. March 30, editor of literary weekly

Since January 1851, "Children's British History" began in the "homely" weekly serial. Held amateur theater performances at Lucken Mumburg. April 14, daughter Dora died.

In 1852, the tenth child (Edward) was born. In the north show Bu Wei a Li Dayton drama. In October, go to the French Poloni holiday. "Desolate Villa" began to be published month by month (20 months out). "Christmas story set" single book published. In 1853, living in the French Poloni. Chicken Wilke Collins Tour Switzerland. In September, "desolate Villa" single book published. On December 27th, in Birmingham for the first time held a public recitation performance, recitation "Christmas carol".

In 1854, in January, visit Lancashire Preston. Summer to France Poloni. April 1 to August 12, "difficult times" in the "homely" on the serial, the same year out of the book.

In February 1855, with Maria Biederner reunion, then she has become a wife of Wende. In June, he directed and performed Collins' "Lighthouse". Participate in the Administrative Reform Association. In October, the family went to Paris to live. December 1, "small Du Li" began month by month published (20 months out of Qi).

In March 1856, buy the village of Gates. April, back to the UK. In January 1857, director and performance of the drama of Collins "deep ice." Andersen visits Gates to visit Dickens. Playing in Manchester with the actress Ellen Ternan and his mother, his sister get to know. "Little Du Li" single book published. In October, the two lazy apprenticeships, co-authored with Collins, were published in "homely".

April 29, 1858 to July 22, held in London business recitation performance. May, separated from his wife Catherine, the community have talked about. June 12, in the "homely" published on their own family disputes statement. August 2 to November 13, held in England, Scotland and Ireland throughout the first tour recitation performance.

April 30, 1859, Dickens editor of the literary weekly "year round" the first issue, the first issue of serial number "Tale of Two Cities", to November 26 end. In the same year, May 28, "homely" the last issue of the publication. In October, a second tour recitation was held.

In 1860, the second woman Kate Dickens married Charles Collins (Wilji's brother). Charles Dickens settled in Gates Villa. January 28, "non-travel salesman notes" began in the "four seasons" on the serial. December 1, "great future" began in the "year round" on the serial.

1861, March-April, held in London recitation performance. August, "lofty future" single book published. "Non Travel Traveler Notes" is published separately. October to January the following year, to the field held recitation performances. 1862, March-June, held in London recitation performance.

In January 1863, the British Embassy in Paris held a recital performance for charity purposes. On May 1, 1864, "our common friends" began to be published month by month (20 months out). June 9, 1865, and Alan Ternan travel by train in Kent, Sri Lanka, a car accident. In November, "our common friend" is published separately. December, "Non Travel Travelers Notes" second edition published.

1866 April-June, held in London and abroad recitation performance. From January to May in 1867, recitation performances were held in England and Ireland. In November, went to the United States to carry out recitation performances. The last Christmas story "This road is not available" (with Collins) in the "year round" published.

On April 22, 1868, the United States returned to England. October, held a farewell recitation performance. January 5, 1869, recitation performance "Oliver Te West" in the "Sikes Khan Nancy" chapter. April 22, due to health reasons to suspend recitation performance.

In 1870 January, held in London 12 farewell recitation performances. March 9, received by the Queen Victoria. April 1, "Druid's mystery" began to sub-published (plan divided into 12, died only completed 6). June 9, suffering from cerebral hemorrhage died in the Gates Villa. After his death he was buried at the Cape of the Westminster, and his tombstone wrote: "He is a poor, suffering and sympathetic to the oppressed people; his death has left the world a great British writer."

查尔斯狄更斯个人生活

Dickens 18 years old that year in the family between the small theater troupe met Maria Pittel. Maria is the daughter of a small banker, much better than the poor family Dickens. Her parents strongly disagreed with the exchanges between them, combined with Maria is not a serious woman to treat life, since the two sides feel that each other's love of Dickens summon the courage to talk to Maria after the love suffered a cold refused. The experience of Dickens in the mind carved a deep imprint, so that he contemptuous reality of women and love fantasy ideal women.

In the "Pickwick rumor" published during the period, Dickens and Catherine Hodges love, and married on April 2, 1836. Although this marriage healed his injury in his first love, but did not bring happiness to Dickens. On the one hand from their husband and wife in the mind, character, interest on the very different; the other hand with Dickens look forward to the ideal of women, that the reality can not find such a lovely, faithful woman.

Dickens and Catherine's marriage began to fall into a painful situation, but he and Catherine's sister was exceptionally well. After his marriage with Catherine, 16-year-old Mary (Catherine has two sisters, Mary ranked third) often come home to the guest, which makes him have enough chance to get along with Mary. Some people say that Dickens loved the original is Mary, although this is not conclusive evidence, but Mary in the eyes of Dickens is indeed the embodiment of the ideal woman. Novel "old antique shop" in the Nile is the shape of the shape of Mary.

In May 1837, Mary suddenly died, which makes Dickens very sad. In a few weeks time Dickens can not cheer up to work. A few years later recalled the scene, he wrote: "After her death, for several months - I remember half a year - I have a night with a quiet happy dream of her, it is so happy, So that I did not expect her to come back with this image or the image without going to sleep overnight.

In the year of Dickens's death, he was more fond of Mary's thoughts. He said: "She always so deeply in my thoughts ... and even her memories become an important part of my survival, such as my heart beating with my survival can not be separated.

In 1858, Dickens and Catherine officially separated.

狄更斯的生平简介,简单一些

狄更斯1812年2月7日生于朴次茅斯市郊,出生于海军小职员家庭,少年时因家庭生活窘迫,只能断断续续入校求学。后被迫到工场做童工。

15岁以后,当过律师事务所学徒、录事和法庭记录员。20岁开始当报馆采访员,报道下议院。

1835年,查尔斯·狄更斯与凯瑟琳·霍加斯订婚。

1837年他完成了第一部长篇小说《匹克威克外传》。

1870年6月9日卒于罗切斯特附近的盖茨山庄。

扩展资料:

代表作品介绍:

1、《匹克威克外传》

《匹克威克外传》是英国作家查尔斯·狄更斯创作的长篇小说,首次出版于1837年。

该小说讲述一位独身的老绅士匹克威克先生,是一个“名流”,也是一个“学者”,是以他的姓氏命名的一个社团(“匹克威克社”)的创办人。

他带着几个“匹克威克派”出去游历,一路碰到了种种滑稽可笑的人和事。

经过大约两年,他的追随者和他自己都觉得游历够了,“匹克威克社”也宣告解散了,匹克威克先生实行了“退隐”,故事也就此结束了。这部作品反映了广阔的生活画面,真实地描写了19世纪初的英国社会。

2、《大卫·科波菲尔》

《大卫·科波菲尔》是英国小说家查尔斯·狄更斯创作的长篇小说,被称为他“心中最宠爱的孩子”,于1849至1850年间,分二十个部分逐月发表。

全书采用第一人称叙事,融进了作者本人的许多生活经历。小说讲述了主人公大卫从幼年至中年的生活历程,以“我”的出生为源。

将朋友的真诚与阴暗、爱情的幼稚与冲动、婚姻的甜美与琐碎、家人的矛盾与和谐汇聚成一条溪流,在命运的河床上缓缓流淌,最终融入宽容壮美的大海。

其间夹杂各色人物与机缘。语言诙谐风趣,展示了19世纪中叶英国的广阔画面,反映了狄更斯希望人间充满善良正义的理想。

参考资料来源:百度百科——查尔斯·狄更斯

狄更斯的简介,以及有哪些代表作?

狄更斯于1812年2月7日生于朴次茅斯的波特西地区。父亲是海军中的小职员,嗜酒好客,挥霍无度,经常入不敷出。他从小能演会唱,常被父亲带到酒店表演节目。10岁时,全家被迫迁入负债者监狱,11岁起就承担了繁重的家务。他在皮鞋油作坊当学徒时,由于包装熟练,曾被雇主放在橱窗里当众表演操作,作为广告任人围观,在他心上留下了永久的伤痕,从而产生了对不幸的儿童深厚的同情和坚决摆脱贫困的决心。他只上过几年学校,主要靠自学和深入生活获得广博的知识和文学素养。16岁时在一家律师事务所当缮写员,走遍伦敦的大街小巷,广泛了解社会。后担任报社的采访记者,熟悉议会政治中的种种弊端。24岁时与报社出版人霍加斯的女儿凯瑟琳结婚,并育有10个子女。由于性格和趣味上的差别,给他的创作、特别是晚年的生活带来了不幸。他在采访之余开始文学创作。他常带着笔记本在伦敦偏僻的角落和乡村漫游,为日后的创作搜集了丰富的素材。他一生刻苦写作。晚年常常白天写作,晚上被邀请去朗诵自己的作品。繁重的劳动、家庭和社会上的烦恼,以及对改变现实的失望,损害了他的健康。1870年6月9日在写作小说《艾德温·德鲁德之谜》时去世。

创作: 狄更斯生活在英国由封建社会向资本主义社会过渡时期。资本主义的发展使大批小资产者贫困、破产,无产阶级遭到残酷的剥削而沦为赤贫。当时在英国发生的无产阶级革命运动,即宪章运动,给予狄更斯很大的影响,他的作品反映了宪章运动时代人民群众的情绪和要求,但他始终是个改良主义者。他同情劳苦人民,又害怕革命。他抨击资本主义制度,不断揭露它的罪恶,但他不主张推翻这一制度。他希望通过教育和感化来改造剥削者,并依靠他们的善心和施舍来消除社会矛盾。他以生动、幽默的笔触,真实、深刻地反映了生活。在他从事创作的34年中,他写了14部长篇小说(其中有一部未完成),许多中、短篇小说以及杂文、游记、戏剧等。狄更斯的创作大致可分为 4个时期。

早期(1833~1841): 狄更斯开始文学创作时,先为伦敦的《晨报》等撰写特写,主要表现伦敦城乡的风俗人情和景物、对生活的爱和憎。1836年出版了《特写集》。1837年第一部长篇小说《匹克威克外传》开始在报上连载。作者通过匹克威克和他的“匹派”至友的游历,暴露当时英国现实生活的黑暗,描绘了作者心目中的“古老的、美好的英格兰”,反映了作者向往不受封建压迫和资产阶级剥削的思想与乐观主义情绪。作者还批判了英国的议会制度、法律、司法、监狱等,以轻松幽默的笔调描述绅士、车夫等各种人物,宣扬实施道德教育的理想。这部小说在结构上颇为松散、拖沓,但它把平民作为主人公是前所未有的。它是狄更斯的现实主义小说创作的第一个成果。

《奥列佛·特维斯特》(一译《奥列佛尔》,1838;令译《雾都孤儿》)是狄更斯第一部动人的社会小说。这时他虽然还没有认识到社会罪恶的根源,但通过孤儿奥列佛的遭遇揭开了处于社会底层的人们哀苦无告的生活画面。奥列佛在贫民习艺所不堪忍受屈辱与饥饿,逃往伦敦,反又陷入贼窟,最后被“有德行的”资本家挽救出来。但作者在这里也揭露了资产阶级伪装慈善的面目,显示出他当时创作思想的深度。长篇小说《尼古拉斯·尼克尔贝》(1839)塑造了资产阶级掠夺者形象,揭露了小生产者在庞大的工业资本的排挤与压迫下的贫困与破产。作者通过教员尼古拉斯·尼克尔贝的经历,揭露了英国的教育制度的黑暗。当时所谓为穷人兴办的学校,成了牟利的场所,学生只能吃半饱,鞭笞成了主要的教育手段。小说中随处可以看到作者用愤懑的笔和仇恨的泪来痛斥资产阶级的虚伪与贪婪。

后期(1848~1861) 这是狄更斯创作的繁荣时期。由于英、法革命运动的失败,资产阶级的反动势力更加嚣张,狄更斯对社会的认识不断深化,作品反映的社会生活也更加广阔。他着力描写小人物的善良、温情和道德感化的力量。乐观主义精神已被沉重、苦闷的心情和强烈的愤懑所代替。这时主要的作品有《董贝父子》、《大卫科波菲尔》、 《荒凉山庄》、 《艰难时世》、《小杜丽》、《双城记》和《远大前程》等。这些作品的主题思想不断深化;艺术风格也有了与前不同的特色。作者善于运用典型的细节表现人物的特征;在着力描写小人物善良、温情和道德感化的力量的同时,对资产阶级的罪恶和惨无人道的社会制度作了具有强烈感染力的艺术概括。

《大卫·科波菲尔》(1850)是半自传体的小说,它的成就超过了狄更斯所有其他作品。它通过一个孤儿的不幸遭遇描绘了一幅广阔而五光十色的社会画面,揭露了资产阶级对劳动人民的剥削,司法界的黑暗腐败和议会对人民的欺压。作品塑造了不同阶层的典型人物,特别是劳动者的形象,表现了作者对弱小者的深切同情。作者还企图通过大卫·科波菲尔的最后成功鼓舞人们保持对生活的信心,极力培养读者的人道主义观点。这部小说最后仍以一切圆满作为结局,表现了作者的一贯思想。

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